High Incidence of Antiphospholipid Antibodies in Newly Diagnosed Patients With Lymphoma and a Proposed aPL Predictive Score

Lymphoma
07/07/2020

Kungwankiattichai S, et al. Clin Appl Thromb Hemost 2020.

ABSTRACT

Given that the presence of antiphospholipid (aPL) antibodies has been proposed to be associated with thrombosis in newly diagnosed patients with lymphoma, we conducted a prospective cohort study on these patients. In all, 154 patients were enrolled. More than half were advanced-stage diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Approximately one-third (35.7%) of the patients had the presence of aPLs, with single-, double-, and triple-aPL positivities of 29.9%, 5.2%, and 0.6%, respectively. Of the 154


patients, 8 (5.19%) developed symptomatic thrombosis during follow-up. There were no significant differences in the incidences of thrombosis for the aPL-positive and aPL-negative groups (5.5% vs 5.1%; P = 1.000). In a multivariate analysis, patients with male sex and lymphoma stage IV were significant risk factors for aPL positivity, with odds ratio [OR] = 2.22 (95% CI: 1.11-4.45), P = .025, and OR: 2.34 (95% CI: 1.17-4.67), P = .016, respectively. An aPL predictive score of ≥-1 was predictive of aPL positivity, with a sensitivity of 83.6% and specificity of 34.3%.