Qi SN, et al. Blood Adv 2020.
The present study investigated the survival benefit of non-anthracycline (ANT)-based vs ANT-based regimens in a large-scale, real-world cohort of patients with extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTCL). Within the China Lymphoma Collaborative Group (CLCG) database (2000-2015), we identified 2560 newly diagnosed patients who received chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy. Propensity score matching (PSM) and multivariable analyses were used to compare overall survival
(OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) between the 2 chemotherapy regimens. We explored the survival benefit of non-ANT-based regimens in patients with different treatments in early-stage disease and in risk-stratified subgroups. Non-ANT-based regimens significantly improved survivals compared with ANT-based regimens. The 5-year OS and PFS were 68.9% and 59.5% for non-ANT-based regimens compared with 57.5% and 44.5% for ANT-based regimens in the entire cohort. The clinical advantage of non-ANT-based regimens was substantial across the subgroups examined, regardless of stage and risk-stratified subgroup, and remained significant in early-stage patients who received radiotherapy. The survival benefits of non-ANT-based regimens were consistent after adjustment using multivariable and PSM analyses. These findings provide additional evidence supporting non-ANT-based regimens as a first-line treatment of patients with ENKTCL.