Cancers (Basel). 2020 Jul 15;12(7):E1912. doi: 10.3390/cancers12071912.
Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a heterogenous disease that has been distinguished into at least two major molecular entities, the germinal center-like B cell (GCB) DLBCL and activated-like B cell (ABC) DLBCL, based on transcriptome expression profiling. A recurrent ch11q24.3 gain is observed in roughly a fourth of DLBCL cases resulting in the overexpression of two ETS transcription factor family members, ETS1 and FLI1. Here, we knocked down ETS1 expression by siRNA and analyzed
expression changes integrating them with ChIP-seq data to identify genes directly regulated by ETS1. ETS1 silencing affected expression of genes involved in B cell signaling activation, B cell differentiation, cell cycle, and immune processes. Integration of RNA-Seq (RNA sequencing) data and ChIP-Seq (chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing) identified 97 genes as bona fide, positively regulated direct targets of ETS1 in ABC-DLBCL. Among these was the Fc receptor for IgM, FCMR (also known as FAIM3 or Toso), which showed higher expression in ABC- than GCB-DLBCL clinical specimens. These findings show that ETS1 is contributing to the lymphomagenesis in a subset of DLBCL and identifies FCMR as a novel target of ETS1, predominantly expressed in ABC-DLBCL.