Treatment outcomes and prognostic analysis of elderly patients with extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type: a retrospective analysis

Lymphoma
21/07/2020

Leuk Lymphoma. 2020 Jul 20:1-7. doi: 10.1080/10428194.2020.1791848. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

We retrospectively analyzed the treatment outcomes of elderly patients (aged ≥ 60 years) with extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL) and investigated the prognostic factors. Fifty-two elderly patients received chemotherapy alone, radiotherapy alone, or chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy ± consolidation chemotherapy as induction therapy. Overall, 97.26% patients in stage I/II had overall response (OR) and 86.1% had complete response (CR), whereas 71.4% of patients in


stage III/IV had OR and 35.7% had CR. The 3-year freedom from progression (FFP) rate and overall survival (OS) rate of patients with stage I/II were 78.2% and 85.0%, respectively, and those with stage III/IV were 23.3% and 33.3%. Following multivariate analysis of Cox regression, ECOG performance status scores of 3-4 and stage III/IV were independent prognostic factors for elderly ENKTL patients. Elderly patients with stage I/II or stage III/IV and good or poor performance status can benefit from the commonly used or personalized treatment.