Single-fraction low-energy electronic brachytherapy for conjunctival lymphoma

Lymphoma
22/07/2020

J Contemp Brachytherapy. 2020 Jun;12(3):267-272. doi: 10.5114/jcb.2020.96869. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Conjunctival lymphoma represents an uncommon tumor, accounting for 5-10% of total extranodal lymphomas. Although radiotherapy is a frequent treatment option, limited capacities and lack of specialized centers are common problems in Peru, forcing radiation oncologists to apply short courses of radiotherapy. Here, we report a case series of patients treated with a novel single-shot scheme. Additionally, we present a literature review of the current short-course irradiation strategies.

CASES PRESENTATION: Three cases of conjunctival marginal zone (B-cell) lymphoma (marginal zone lymphoma [MZL]/mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue [MALT]) of the fornix are presented. Following biopsy and sonographic assessment of the lesion thickness, we applied a focused single dose of 14 Gy kilovoltage brachytherapy (prescribed to the maximum thickness of the lesion). Follow-up was scheduled in quarterly intervals. After 28, 31, and 40 months of follow-up, none of the three patients treated exhibited acute or chronic toxicities and remained local or distant disease-free.

CONCLUSIONS: Single dose kilovoltage brachytherapy was effective and safe in this small cohort of patients. Based on the literature, there is an evidence that local treatment in short-course radiotherapy is effective and should be considered amongst therapeutic options for these patients; however, this novel approach should be evaluated prospectively in a larger cohort.