Sirt6 promotes tumorigenesis and drug resistance of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma by mediating PI3K/Akt signaling

Lymphoma
27/07/2020

J Exp Clin Cancer Res. 2020 Jul 25;39(1):142. doi: 10.1186/s13046-020-01623-w.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Sirtuin 6 (Sirt6) is a highly conserved ADP-ribosylase and NAD+ dependent deacylase, involved in broad cellular processes. This molecule possesses contradictory roles in carcinogenesis, as it has been documented to both suppressing and augmenting tumor growth. This project aimed to explore the expression and functions of Sirt6 in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), especially with regards to the regulatory role of OSS_128167, a novel small molecular inhibitor targeting Sirt6.

METHODS: Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was conducted to assess the expression of Sirt6 on paraffin-embedded tissues. Microarray dataset GSE32918 and GSE83632 were obtained from Gene Expression Omnibus and survival analysis was performed. Lentivirus vectors either encoding shSirt6, lvSirt6 or empty lentiviral vector were stably transfected into DLBCL cells. LY1 cell transfected with shSirt6 were performed RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis, functional enrichment analyses of gene ontology (GO) and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). DLBCL cells were subcutaneously injected to SCID beige mice to establish xenograft models.

RESULTS: Sirt6 is found to be overexpressed in DLBCL, and is related to poor prognosis. Sirt6-deprived DLBCL cells displayed augmented sensitivity towards chemotherapy, higher rates of apoptosis, dysfunctional cell proliferation, and arrested cell cycle progression between the G2 and M phases. Selective OSS_128167-mediated Sirt6 blockage resulted in similar anti-lymphoma effects when compared to Sirt6 knocked-down DLBCL cells. PI3K signaling along with phosphorylation of its downstream targets was reduced upon Sirt6 downregulation. Xenograft models subjected to either OSS_128167 treatment or Sirt6-knockdown showed suppressed tumor growth and lower Ki-67 level.

CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide mechanistic insights into the oncogenic activity of Sirt6 in DLBCL for the first time and highlighted the potency of OSS_128167 for novel therapeutic strategies in DLBCL.