Comparison of the prognostic values of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose parameters from colon and non-colon sites of involvement in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the colon

Lymphoma
30/07/2020

Sci Rep. 2020 Jul 29;10(1):12748. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-69550-6.

ABSTRACT

We examined the prognostic values of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) parameters from colon, non-colon, and total lesions in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) of the colon. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in 50 patients was retrospectively analyzed for maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG). During follow-up, 13 patients showed progression and 9 died from disease. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis showed that non-colon and total lesion MTV and TLG and colon lesion SUVmax were associated with progression or death. Significant univariate predictors of poor event-free survival (EFS) included stage III-IV, greater International Prognostic Index (IPI) score, no resection, high non-colon lesion SUVmax, MTV and TLG, and high total lesion MTV and TLG. Univariate predictors of poor overall survival (OS) included stage III-IV, greater IPI score, no resection, high non-colon lesion MTV and TLG, high total lesion MTV, and low colon lesion SUVmax. Multivariate analysis revealed that high non-colon lesion TLG was independently associated with poor EFS and OS. Low colon lesion SUVmax was also independently associated with poor OS. In a subgroup with colon-dominant involvement (n = 35), non-colon lesion MTV and TLG were associated with events and non-colon lesion MTV was associated with patient death. Univariate analysis showed that high non-colon lesion MTV was a significant predictor of poor EFS and OS, while non-colon lesion TLG was a significant predictor of poor OS. Thus, volumetric FDG parameters of non-colon lesions offered significant prognostic information in patients with DLBCL of the colon.