Utility of bone marrow aspirate and biopsy in staging of patients with T-cell lymphoma in the PET-Era - tissue remains the issue

Lymphoma
05/08/2020

Leuk Lymphoma. 2020 Aug 4:1-8. doi: 10.1080/10428194.2020.1798950. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

The role of 18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography combined with computerized tomography (PET-CT) in evaluation of bone marrow involvement (BMI) in patients with T-cell lymphoma (TCL) is poorly understood. We investigated whether PET-CT could replace bone marrow aspiration and biopsy (BMAB) in TCL. Sixty patients with newly diagnosed TCL who underwent both diagnostic PET-CT and BMAB were identified. BMI was tissue-confirmed in 15 (25%) cases, however only 8 of these 15 showed


BMI on PET-CT (sensitivity of 53.3%, specificity of 100%). BMI by BMAB was associated with lower progression-free survival (PFS) (p = 0.038) and overall survival (OS) (p = 0.003) while PET-CT BMI was associated only with OS (p = 0.02). BMI detected by BMAB in the setting of a negative PET-CT had similar inferior prognosis as BMI identified on PET-CT. Thus, PET-CT in TCL misses BMI in almost half of the cases detected by BMAB and hence cannot substitute BMAB in evaluation of TCL.