Leuk Lymphoma. 2020 Aug 21:1-13. doi: 10.1080/10428194.2020.1808207. Online ahead of print.
The characteristics and survival of 218 patients with extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTCL) were analyzed in this retrospective study. The median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 10.9 months and 50.5 months, respectively. Sequential chemoradiotherapy achieved a 74.5% overall response rate (ORR) and a 30.9% 5-year PFS rate in patients with localized stage. Asparaginase-containing protocols demonstrated superior prognosis in advanced cases, with a median
FPS at 5.7 months, compared to 1.9 months without asparaginase. Initial treatment with P-GEMOX regimens showed superior ORR and PFS compared to the SMILE regimen, with lower toxicities. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) improved the PFS and OS of refractory or relapsed (R/R) cases. PD-1/PD-L1 antibody could achieve a median PFS at 4.0 months and a median OS at 14.6 months in R/R patients for whom salvage therapies failed. High-risk PINK-E score was the only independent adverse prognostic factor for PFS and OS.