Rinsho Ketsueki. 2020;61(8):890-900. doi: 10.11406/rinketsu.61.890.
Although Hodgkin lymphoma is now among the most curable of the lymphomas, the relapse rate after the first-line treatment remains at 20-30%. Brentuximab vedotin (BV) has been developed for the treatment of newly diagnosed classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL), relapsed/refractory cHL, or consolidation after autologous stem cell transplantation. Notably, BV treatment combined with doxorubicin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine treatment has been established as standard treatment for newly diagnosed
advanced-stage cHL. Immune-checkpoint inhibitors represent another class of promising cancer immunotherapies that may be used to treat advanced cancers, including cHL. Anti-programmed death-1-blocking antibodies have been used to enhance immunity in cases of several malignancies and obtain durable responses, most notably in patients who have been administered heavy treatment for relapsed/refractory cHL. Several clinical trials, including single agents or combination therapies for cHL, have been developed or are currently under investigation. The results of the ongoing and future clinical trials may establish new paradigms for the treatment of cHL.