The role of trogocytosis in immune surveillance of Hodgkin lymphoma

Lymphoma
16/09/2020

Oncoimmunology. 2020 Jun 17;9(1):1781334. doi: 10.1080/2162402X.2020.1781334.

ABSTRACT

Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is a unique type of hematopoietic cancer that has few tumor cells but a massive infiltration of immune cells. Findings on how the cancerous Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells survive and evade immune surveillance have facilitated the development of novel immunotherapies for HL. Trogocytosis is a fast process of intercellular transfer of membrane patches, which can significantly affect immune responses. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge of how


trogocytosis contributes to the suppression of immune responses in HL. We focus on the ectopic expression of CD137 on HRS cells, the cause of its expression, and its implication on developing novel therapies for HL. Further, we review data demonstrating that similar mechanisms apply to CD30, PD-L1 and CTLA-4.