Cancer Biol Med. 2020 Aug 15;17(3):795-804. doi: 10.20892/j.issn.2095-3941.2020.0160.
Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of the novel SVILE regimen with the P-GemOx regimen in patients with newly diagnosed extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ND-ENKTL). Methods: From April 2015 to July 2018, 103 patients with ND-ENKTL were randomly assigned to SVILE (experimental group) or P-GemOx (control group) chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy and consolidation chemotherapy. The primary endpoint was the overall response rate after 3 cycles of chemotherapy, and secondary study endpoints were complete response (CR), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). Safety was also evaluated. Results: There were no significant differences in baseline characteristics in the experimental vs. control groups. In experimental and control groups, respectively, the overall response rates were 91.7% vs. 97.0% for stage I/II and 75.0% vs. 72.2% for stage III/IV. The CR rates were 83.4% vs. 97.0% for stage I/II and 68.8% vs. 61.1% for stage III/IV. None of those differences were significant. There was no significant difference in PFS and OS between groups and between patients in stage I/II and stage III/IV. The 3-year PFS and OS in stage I/II were 88.3% vs. 93.3% and 88.8% vs. 97.0%, respectively. The 3-year PFS and OS in stage III/IV were 46.2% vs. 65.7% and 68.8% vs. 72.2%, respectively. The common adverse events were hematological toxicity, hepatotoxicity, and coagulation abnormalities, which were found to be reversible with supportive therapy. Conclusions: The novel SVILE regimen has comparable effects to those of P-GemOx in patients with ND-ENKTL and is well tolerated. SVILE is a therapeutic option for ND-ENKTL.