Maternal and neonatal outcomes in 80 patients diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma during pregnancy: results from the International Network of Cancer, Infertility and Pregnancy

Lymphoma
18/09/2020

Br J Haematol. 2020 Sep 18. doi: 10.1111/bjh.17103. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

This cohort study of the International Network on Cancer, Infertility and Pregnancy (INCIP) reports the maternal and neonatal outcomes of 80 pregnant patients diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) between 1986 and 2019, focussing on 57 (71%) patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Of all 80 patients, 54 (68%) pregnant patients received chemotherapy; mostly (89%) CHOP-like (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) regimens. Four early pregnancies were


terminated. Among 76 ongoing pregnancies, there was one stillbirth (1·3%). Overall, there was a high incidence of small for gestational age neonates (39%), preterm delivery (52%), obstetric (41%) and neonatal complications (12·5%), and this could not exclusively be explained by the receipt of antenatal chemotherapy. Half of preterm deliveries (46%) were planned in order to tailor oncological treatment. The 3-year progression-free and overall survival for patients with DLBCL treated with rituximab-CHOP was 83·4% and 95·7% for limited stage (n = 29) and 60·6% and 73·3% for advanced stage (n = 15). Of 36 pregnant patients who received rituximab, five (13%) cases with neonatal complications and three (8%) with maternal infections were reported. In conclusion, standard treatment for DLBCL can be offered to pregnant patients in obstetric centres that cater for high-risk patients.