Br J Haematol. 2020 Sep 18. doi: 10.1111/bjh.17103. Online ahead of print.
This cohort study of the International Network on Cancer, Infertility and Pregnancy (INCIP) reports the maternal and neonatal outcomes of 80 pregnant patients diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) between 1986 and 2019, focussing on 57 (71%) patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Of all 80 patients, 54 (68%) pregnant patients received chemotherapy; mostly (89%) CHOP-like (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) regimens. Four early pregnancies were
terminated. Among 76 ongoing pregnancies, there was one stillbirth (1·3%). Overall, there was a high incidence of small for gestational age neonates (39%), preterm delivery (52%), obstetric (41%) and neonatal complications (12·5%), and this could not exclusively be explained by the receipt of antenatal chemotherapy. Half of preterm deliveries (46%) were planned in order to tailor oncological treatment. The 3-year progression-free and overall survival for patients with DLBCL treated with rituximab-CHOP was 83·4% and 95·7% for limited stage (n = 29) and 60·6% and 73·3% for advanced stage (n = 15). Of 36 pregnant patients who received rituximab, five (13%) cases with neonatal complications and three (8%) with maternal infections were reported. In conclusion, standard treatment for DLBCL can be offered to pregnant patients in obstetric centres that cater for high-risk patients.