Relapse of Plasmablastic Lymphoma With Cutaneous Involvement in an Immunocompetent Male


Ear Nose Throat J. 2020 Sep 21:145561320952190. doi: 10.1177/0145561320952190. Online ahead of print.


Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma frequently found in the context of immunosuppression and infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and/or Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). A 33-year-old immunocompetent male presented with recurrent episodes of epistaxis and a growing intranasal mass. Excisional biopsy of the mass revealed an immunohistochemical profile diagnostic of PBL. Upon completion of chemoradiation, he underwent a transnasal endoscopic mucosal flap

tissue rearrangement to restore patency for both functional and surveillance purposes. There was no endoscopic evidence of residual or recurrent disease. However, 8 months later, he was found to have a relapse involving the skin. The nasal cavity is one of the most common sites affected by PBL. Involvement of the nasal cavity may present with symptoms of persistent epistaxis accompanied by an enlarging mass. A plasmablastic immunophenotype in combination with HIV or EBV positivity can aid diagnosis.