Nutr Cancer. 2020 Sep 23:1-11. doi: 10.1080/01635581.2020.1823437. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVE: Some studies on the relation between body mass index (BMI) and outcome of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) remain controversial. We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of DLBCL in overweight (≥25 to <30 kg/m2), obese (≥30 kg/m2) and underweight (<18.5 kg/m2) individuals compared with normal weight patients (≥18.5 to <25 kg/m2).
METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library databases were searched to identify relevant studies before February 20, 2020. The summary hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used for analyzing survival outcomes.
RESULTS: Fourteen articles involving 8,753 subjects were included. The pooled analysis indicated that OS of overweight group (HR = 0.86, 95% CI: 0.78-0.95, P = 0.002) was better than of normal weight group, but no association was found in obese patients (HR = 1.11, 95% CI: 0.81-1.53, P = 0.501). Similarly, obese and overweight status had no significant impact on PFS in DLBCL. Underweight patients had poorer OS (HR = 1.99, 95% CI: 1.45-2.74, P < 0.001) and PFS (HR = 1.78, 95% CI: 1.12-2.83, P = 0.014) compared with normal weight group.
CONCLUSION: Overweight patients have a better survival than normal weight patients, while underweight patients have a poorer survival in DLBCL.