Serial Detection of MYD88 L265P Mutation in the Aqueous Humor of a Patient with Vitreoretinal Lymphoma for Disease Monitoring

Lymphoma
24/09/2020

Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2020 Sep 23:1-5. doi: 10.1080/09273948.2020.1802488. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of a patient whose MYD88 mutation disappeared from the aqueous humor following treatment with intravitreal methotrexate.

METHODS: A retrospective review of clinical, histopathological and imaging records.

RESULTS: A 49-year-old woman presented with bilateral primary vitreoretinal lymphoma confirmed by molecular and next-generation sequencing studies on vitreous biopsy samples. Initially, the MYD88 L265P mutation was detected in aqueous samples of both eyes. Serial testing for MYD88 L265P mutations performed on aqueous samples collected at the time of the weekly intravitreal methotrexate injections showed the mutation ceased to be detected after four weekly injections in the non-vitrectomized right eye and after two weekly injections in the vitrectomized left eye. Clinical improvement accompanied the negativization of the mutation in both eyes.

CONCLUSION: We present a case that demonstrates the possible utilization of serial testing for the MYD88 L265P mutation as a tool for monitoring disease course in vitreoretinal lymphoma.