Validation and comparison of prognostic values of GNRI, PNI, and CONUT in newly diagnosed diffuse large B cell lymphoma

Lymphoma
25/09/2020

Ann Hematol. 2020 Sep 24. doi: 10.1007/s00277-020-04262-5. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common type of aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Emerging evidence indicates that poor nutritional status determined with nutritional indices such as geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and controlling nutritional status score (CONUT) was associated with poor prognosis of DLBCL. We conducted this multicenter retrospective study to validate and compare prognostic values of the three indices in 615 newly


diagnosed DLBCL patients. The overall survival (OS) in patients with poor nutritional status determined with each of these nutritional indices were significantly inferior compared with that in those without nutritional risks (5-year OS in patients with GNRI < 95.7 and GNRI ≥ 95.7 were 56.4% and 83.5%, P < 0.001; PNI < 42.4 and PNI ≥ 42.4 were 56.1% and 81.0%, P < 0.001; CONUT > 4 and CONUT ≤ 4 were 53.1% and 77.1%, P < 0.001). GNRI and CONUT were independent prognostic predictors for OS (GNRI < 95.7, hazard ratio [HR] 1.83, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.22-2.74, P = 0.0032; CONUT > 4, HR 1.53, 95% CI 1.05-2.23, P = 0.028) after multivariate analyses. Nutritional status determined with GNRI affected OS more strongly in the patients with nongerminal center B cell-like (nonGCB) DLBCL compared with that in those with GCB-type DLBCL. In conclusion, baseline poor nutritional status determined based on GNRI or CONUT was an independent risk factor of newly diagnosed DLBCL, and GNRI was also useful as an independent prognostic factor for patients with nonGCB-type DLBCL.