A proposal for a prognostic index for non-nasal type natural killer/T cell lymphoma after asparaginase-based treatment

Lymphoma
25/09/2020

Ann Hematol. 2020 Sep 25. doi: 10.1007/s00277-020-04278-x. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

In the era of asparaginase-based therapy for extranodal natural killer/T cell lymphoma (ENKTL), the clinical outcomes of ENKTL have notably improved. However, as a rare subtype of ENKTL, the therapeutic effect and prognostic factors of non-nasal type ENKTL remain unclear. Thus, we performed this study to analyze the clinical characteristics and to establish a prognostic model specifically for the non-nasal disease. We performed a retrospective study of consecutive patients newly diagnosed with


non-nasal type ENKTL and mainly received asparaginase-based therapy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (SYSUCC) between January 2011 and December 2019, to analyze the prognostic factors and to propose a prognostic model. We validated the prognostic model in an independent cohort. In total, 98 non-nasal type ENKTL patients were included in the training cohort. Multivariate analyses showed that prognostic factors for OS were elevated LDH levels, involvement of bone marrow and serum total protein (TP) < 60 g/L. We developed a new prognostic model named the non-nasal type ENKTL prognostic index (NPI) by grouping the prognostic factors: group 1, no risk factors; group 2, one risk factor; and group 3, two or three risk factors, which were associated with 3-year OS rates of 84.1% (95% CI, 70.9-97.2), 46.8% (27.7-65.8), and 14.9% (0-32.9), respectively (P < 0.001). These results were validated and confirmed in an independent cohort. The new model is efficient in distinguishing non-nasal-type ENKTL patients with various outcomes in the contemporary era of asparaginase-based therapy.