Blood Adv. 2020 Oct 13;4(19):4788-4797. doi: 10.1182/bloodadvances.2020002049.
The therapy of advanced mycosis fungoides (MF) presents a therapeutic challenge, and the search for new therapeutic targets is ongoing. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 was shown to be upregulated in patients with advanced MF and could be druggable by a new class of chemotherapeutic agents, PARP-1 inhibitors, which are already in clinical trials for other malignancies; however, the role of PARP-1 inhibitors in MF has never been established. We examined the efficacy of talazoparib in the murine
model of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. The cytotoxic effect of talazoparib on Moloney MuLV-induced T-cell lymphoma (MBL2) cells was a result of G2/M cell cycle arrest via the upregulation of p53. The in vivo experiments confirmed the clinical impact of talazoparib on MF tumors. When talazoparib was combined with the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, romidepsin, the cytotoxic effect was synergized via downregulation of the DNA-repair genes Fanconianemia complementation group A (FANCA), Fanconi anemia complementation group D2 (FANCD2), and DNA topoisomerase II binding protein 1(TOPBP1)and stimulation of apoptosis via Blimp-1 (PRDM1)/Bax axis. Romidepsin increased the expression of IRF8 and Bcl-6, leading to upregulation of Blimp1and Bax; whereas talazoparib upregulated Blimp-1 and Bax via upregulation of interferon regulatory factor 4 (IRF4), leading to cleavage of caspases 6 and 7. Thus, a combination of talazoparib with romidepsin demonstrated the synergistic antilymphoma effect and warranted further investigation in a clinical trial.