Radiotherapy vs sequential DDGP and radiotherapy in newly diagnosed early NK/T cell lymphoma: A randomized, controlled, open-label, multicenter study

Lymphoma
09/10/2020

Int J Cancer. 2020 Oct 9. doi: 10.1002/ijc.33329. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

To compare the efficacy and safety of radiotherapy (RT) and chemotherapy of pegaspargase, gemcitabine, cisplatin and dexamethasone (DDGP) combined with RT in newly diagnosed stage I-II natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NKTL), we designed a randomized, controlled, open-label, multicenter clinical trial. Data from 65 I-II NKTL patients whose diagnoses were confirmed using immunohistochemistry were enrolled from January 2011 to December 2013 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University.


Patients were randomly divided into the RT group (n = 35) and the DDGP combined with RT group (n = 30). There was a difference between the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score in the two arms (P = 0.013). The complete response rate (CRR) and objective response rate (ORR) of DDGP combined with RT group were superior to those in the RT group (CRR: 73.3% vs 48.6%; ORR: 83.3% vs 60.0%, respectively). The 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate and overall survival (OS) rate in the DDGP combined with RT group were higher than those in the RT group (82.9% vs 56.5% for PFS, P = 0.023; 85.7% vs 60.4% for OS, P = 0.040), and treatment methods and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were independent risk factors. Myelosuppression (P < 0.001), gastrointestinal reactions (P < 0.001), abnormal liver function (P = 0.007), coagulation abnormalities (P < 0.001) and baldness (P < 0.001) were more likely to occur in the DDGP combined with RT group. In conclusion, DDGP combined with radiotherapy obviously obtained great efficacy and prolonged the survival time of patients, also the side effects were mild for stage I-II NKTL. This trial was registered at httpss://register.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01501136. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.