Front Oncol. 2020 Sep 15;10:1151. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2020.01151. eCollection 2020.
Purpose: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the ability of magnetic resonance (MR) radiomics-based machine-learning algorithms in differentiating glioblastoma (GBM) from primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). Method: One-hundred and thirty-eight patients were enrolled in this study. Radiomics features were extracted from contrast-enhanced MR images, and the machine-learning models were established using five selection methods (distance correlation, random forest, least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO), eXtreme gradient boosting (Xgboost), and Gradient Boosting Decision Tree) and three radiomics-based machine-learning classifiers [linear discriminant analysis (LDA), support vector machine (SVM), and logistic regression (LR)]. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and areas under curves (AUC) of models were calculated, with which the performances of classifiers were evaluated and compared with each other. Result: Brilliant discriminative performance would be observed among all classifiers when combined with the suitable selection method. For LDA-based models, the optimal one was Distance Correlation + LDA with AUC of 0.978. For SVM-based models, Distance Correlation + SVM was the one with highest AUC of 0.959, while for LR-based models, the highest AUC was 0.966 established with LASSO + LR. Conclusion: Radiomics-based machine-learning algorithms potentially have promising performances in differentiating GBM from PCNSL.