Development of a Novel Clinical Prognostic Model for Patients With Angioimmunoblastic T-Cell Lymphoma

Lymphoma
20/10/2020

Technol Cancer Res Treat. 2020 Jan-Dec;19:1533033820964231. doi: 10.1177/1533033820964231.

ABSTRACT

In this study we aimed to identify a set of prognostic factors for angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) and establish a novel prognostic model. The clinical data of 64 AITL patients enrolled to the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University (from 2012 Jan to 2017 May) were retrospectively analyzed. The estimated 5-year overall survival and progression-free survival of this cohort of patients were 45.8% and 30.8%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that age > 60 years, performance status ≥2, Ann Arbor stage III/IV, lactate dehydrogenase > 250 U/L, serum albumin (ALB) < 30 g/l, Coombs test positive, and Ki-67 rate ≥ 70% were significantly associated with poor prognosis. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that age > 60 years, ALB < 30 g/l, Ki-67 rate ≥ 70%, and Coombs test positive were independent prognosis factors for AITL. Here a new prognostic model, named as AITLI, was constructed using the top 5 significant prognostic factors for AITL prognostic prediction. The AITL patients were stratified into 3 risk groups: low, intermediate, and high risk groups. The new prognostic model AITLI showed better performance in predicting prognosis than the International Prognostic Index (IPI) and the prognostic index for PTCL, not otherwise specified (PIT) that were wisely used to predict the outcome for patients with other subtypes of lymphoma.