Mantle cell lymphoma with EBV-positive Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg-like cells in a patient after autologous PBSCT: Phenotypically distinct but genetically related tumors

Lymphoma
21/10/2020

Pathol Int. 2020 Oct 20. doi: 10.1111/pin.13038. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

The case of 70-year-old man with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) carrying t(11;14) translocation that relapsed as nodal lymphoma combining MCL and classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) 9 years after autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplant (auto-PBSCT) is reported. Lymph nodes contained two separate areas of MCL and cHL-like components. Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS)-like cells were accompanied by a prominent histiocyte background. HRS-like cells were CD5- , CD15+ , CD20- , CD30+ , PAX5+ , Bob.1- , Oct2- and EBER+ . The MCL component expressed cyclin D1 and SOX11, whereas cyclin D1 and SOX11 expressions were reduced and lost, respectively, in HRS-like cells. Polymerase chain reaction results showed a single clonal rearrangement of the IGH gene in MCL and cHL-like components. CCND1 break apart fluorescence in situ hybridization showed split signals in both MCL and HRS-like cells, suggesting that MCL and cHL-like components were clonally related. Acquisition of p53 expression and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positivity was seen in HRS-like cells. The patient died of disease progression with elevated hepatobiliary enzymes. The autopsy showed both MCL and cHL-like components around the bile ducts, splenic white pulp and bone marrow. The two components were phenotypically distinct, but genetically related, suggesting that transformation of MCL to HRS-like cells during the course of MCL in association with EBV infection.