Proton Therapy as a Bridging Treatment in CAR T-Cell Therapy for Relapsed and Refractory Large B-Cell Lymphoma: Is There a Role?


Int J Part Ther. 2020 Jun 3;7(1):13-20. doi: 10.14338/IJPT-20-00004.1. eCollection 2020 Summer.


Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Since the relapse rate of DLBCL to frontline chemoimmunotherapy and salvage autologous hematopoietic cell transplant is high, CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy was adopted. Given the time interval needed for CAR T cells to be manufactured (3-5 weeks) and the aggressiveness of these relapsed/refractory lymphomas, some patients do not make it to the CAR T-cell infusion phase. This

calls for a bridging therapy to control, debulk, and sensitize the disease during this period. Radiation therapy can serve this purpose and has shown promising results in some studies. Proton therapy, compared to standard radiation therapy, in some locations, can reduce the radiation dose to the organs at risk, which may lead to fewer side effects for patients with lymphomas. Thus, we hypothesize that proton therapy may serve as a promising bridging strategy to CAR T-cell therapy for some patients.