Detection of skin cancer with adaptive fuzzy classifier using improved whale optimization

Skin Cancer
25/07/2020

Biomed Tech (Berl). 2020 Jul 24:/j/bmte.ahead-of-print/bmt-2018-0110/bmt-2018-0110.xml. doi: 10.1515/bmt-2018-0110. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Skin cancer is considered as a well-known type of cancer globally, and its occurrence has been found to be raised in current days. Researchers state that the disease requires early prediction so that the identification of precise signs will make it simple for the dermatologists and clinicians. This disorder has been established to be unpredictable. Hence, this paper intends to develop an efficient skin cancer detection scheme, which classifies the nature of cancer, whether it is normal, benign


or malignant. Accordingly, the skin image which is given as input is segmented using k-means clustering model and the features are extracted from segmented image using Local Vector Pattern (LVP). Moreover, the extracted features are subjected to fuzzy classifier for recognizing the cancer. In addition, the limits of membership functions are optimally selected by improved Whale Optimization Algorithm (WOA). Thus, the proposed scheme is termed as Improved Selection of Encircling and Spiral updating position of WO-based Fuzzy Classifier (ISESW-FC). From the optimized output, the type of skin cancer image can be determined, whether it is normal, benign or malignant. The performance of proposed model is compared over other conventional methods, and its efficiency is proved by means of Type I and Type II measures.