Solar ultraviolet A radiation and nonmelanoma skin cancer in Arica, Chile

Skin Cancer
13/10/2020

J Photochem Photobiol B. 2020 Oct 3;212:112047. doi: 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2020.112047. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

In this work, we present the maximum daily values of solar ultraviolet A radiation (UV-A) as a function of time. The results indicated that such values reached a maximum of 93.9 W/m2 in 2010 and a minimum of 16.5 W/m2 in 2012. The annual averages of both UV-A and solar ultraviolet B radiation (UV-B) from 2007 to 2013 were recorded. UV-A was always higher than UV-B. However, UV-B is more energetic due to its intrinsic wavelength. The nonmelanoma skin cancer mortality incidences per 100,000 inhabitants in Arica and in Chile as a function of time between 2007 and 2013 indicated that these mortality rates varied from 3.12 (Arica) to 0.88 (Chile) in 2007 and 2.71 (Arica) to 0.88 (Chile) in 2013. The nonmelanoma skin cancer prevalence rates per 100,000 inhabitants in Arica were 22.2 in 2007 and 19.5 in 2013. The relationship between NMSC and exposure to UV-A is given. In Arica, we report high levels of UV-A and the highest NMSC rates compared with other regions in our country.